A small hill in Nanjing is a secluded urban area, which is rarely known, but it is a famous cultural mountain. Scholars live in scattered places and compose poems

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When the wind blows and the clouds fly, I live in the Yanshui Room of the Six Dynasties. Here is the travel diary of Fat One and Snow Sauce. I share with you what I saw, heard and felt during the poetry travel.
Nanjing Xiaoshan is a secret and low-key hill. If you ignore it, you won’t notice it.
Nanjing Guishan Mountain is a famous cultural mountain. It was once around the Guishan Mountain. Yan Zhenqing, Fang Bao, Wei Yuan, Tao Shu, Yuan Mei and other celebrities of all ages lived in leisure or scattered, or sang poems.
Nanjing Weishan, mentioned in several previous articles, do you have any impression?
According to Gan Xi’s “Bai Xia Xiao Yan”, there are four pine nunneries in the Longpan, also known as the Mountain Garden. Tao Shu is devoted to it.
Tao Shu built a stone house with an engraved heart here. The inscribed tablet is an imperial pen given by the Emperor Xuanzong of the Qing Dynasty. The stone was used as a tablet, and the name was changed to “Mountain Garden”.
The mountain garden is actually a house built by Tao Shu for his family. In the 18th year of the reign of Emperor Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty, Tao Shu, imitating the Hangzhou Gujing House and Guangzhou Xuehai Hall, invited the imperial court to build Xiyin Academy in its own garden, providing a place for scholars to “hone with the classics and ancient texts”.
The first Ren Shanchang of Xiyin Academy was Xue Shiyu, a famous poet in the late Qing Dynasty and a generation of educator. The disciples of Nanjing worked together to raise funds to build Xue Lu for Xue Shiyu to face the mountain.
Later, Duan Fang, the governor of the two rivers, hired Miao Quansun as the general office in Nanjing, and Chen Qingnian as the sitting office to prepare for the construction of the library. He selected the old site of “Xiyin Academy” at the foot of Longpanli Mountain in the west of the city as the site for the construction of the library. Liu Yizheng, the curator, named the library “Tao Feng Lou”, actively enriched the collection and catalogued it for circulation.
At the foot of Yongshan Mountain in Nanjing, adjacent to Wulong Pond and Longpan Li, there were Xiyin Academy, Xuelu, Taofeng Building, Jiaozhong Temple, and even Wei Yuan’s former residence, Sisong Temple, etc.
The exact location of the mountain lies in the south of Nanjing Qingliang Mountain Park, the east side of Huju North Road, the west side of Wulongtan Park, and behind the Provincial Culture and Tourism Hall, No. 9, Longpan Li, Gulou District, Nanjing, surrounded by Guangzhou Road, Qingliang Mountain Road, Longpan Li, and Huju Road.
The mountain is located in the south of cool Shandong, with an altitude of only 45.3 meters. It is said that in ancient times, there was a kind of pottery, which was shaped like a basin, but was relatively small, and was specially used to hold rice. It was called a “gourd”, and the shape of the mountain was like a gourd.
During the reign of Daoguang in the Qing Dynasty, Tao Shu, the governor of Liangjiang, thought that the word “Bo” was too remote, and changed it to “Bo” Mountain. However, it was popularly known as “Bo Mountain” and “Pineapple Mountain”. However, “Bo Mountain” was still used later.
The history of Mount Wu has a long history. It is said that the history of Mount Wu can be traced back to the construction history of Nanjing, that is, the history of Stone City.
Su Jinhai, a famous calligrapher and seal carver, recalled: “In the early 1980s, I took my students to the top of Mount Huang (Pineapple Hill)… and found six or seven human face tiles…” He gave some tiles and rubbings to He Yunao, who worked at the Nanjing Cultural Relics Bureau at that time.
He Yunao has been looking for the Stone City ruins of the Six Dynasties for decades. According to his research, the scope of Stone City is: Ghost Face City, Qingliangshan Park, National Defense Park, and Longpanli area, which is an irregular figure. There are remains of man-made city walls on the ridge of the mountain.
Historically, there have been pavilions, temples and ancestral halls in the mountain, which is the world’s plum beauty spot.
Where are the plum blossoms from?
It turned out that when Tao Shu built Xiyin Academy, he planted more than 100 plum trees around. Later, Gong Zizhen wrote in “The Story of the Sick Plum House”: “The dragon in Jiangning, Deng Wei in Suzhou, and Xixi in Hangzhou all produce plum.”
I have even found several books about the mountain, either named after it or written around it.
Gu Yun, a scholar in the Qing Dynasty, specially wrote a book named “The Annals of the Mountain” for this mountain. In the seventeenth year of the Republic of China, the Wenshan Library carefully selected the pages of the rare books in its collection and compiled them into “The Book Shadow of Wenshan”, which was published in stone. When presiding over the National Central University Library of Chinese Studies (later renamed the Jiangsu Provincial Library of Chinese Studies), Mr. Liu Yizheng recorded the collection of official documents related to the construction and development of the National Library of Chinese Studies, “The Book of Mount Wu”.
Finally, it ends with a poem by Yuan Mei
Thirty-six Heavenly Heavens, the smallpox is poor.
Drifting rain in Shicheng, scattered as Shouyang smoke.
The shadow of the withered grass and the shadow of the cattail, the setting sun, the sun, the sun, the sun.
The Emperor of Liang has a price and a million ransom money.
#My travel calendar#
In the famous garden of the late Qing Dynasty, Zuo Zongtang planted American locust as a gift, and Xue Shiyu lived in Nanjing as a lecturer, comparable to the West Lake
How did Zhengzhou become one of the eight ancient capitals of China? 4.5km city wall tour, site park unveiling
In Nanjing’s Longpan, Xue Lu, Jiaozhong Temple and Sisong Temple, which cannot be found, live in poetry and classics
At the end of the Qing Dynasty, one of the eight famous academies in Nanjing, was founded by Tao Shu, the governor of Liangjiang, who donated 10000 liang as funds