In addition to enjoying the beautiful scenery of Mount Huangshan, the ancient village is also a must visit scenic spot when traveling to Mount Huangshan City, Anhui Province. There are many ancient villages in Mount Huangshan City with their own characteristics, many of which are very famous. Among the ancient villages in Anhui Province, Hongcun is second to none in terms of popularity and number of tourists. When compared with it, it is Xidi, which is not far away. The two ancient villages are often compared by tourists. They are not far apart and are both 5A scenic spots. The scenery is not divided They are also listed in the World Cultural Heritage List and have similar architectural styles; Although they are all Huizhou architectural complexes, there are still some differences in details. In terms of environment, Hongcun is located in a relatively open location, while Xidi is surrounded by mountains on three sides. In terms of the integrity and quantity of the essence architecture of the Anhui style, Xidi is better. There are many well preserved ancient residences and ancestral halls with history and stories.
However, Xidi has a longer history than Hongcun. Although it is not as amazing as Hongcun at first sight, it is worth tasting carefully. This ancient village will have a large area of rape flowers in spring, which is very spectacular. Many students of the Academy of Fine Arts draw from life in Xidi all year round. If Hongcun and Xidi can only choose one place to go, it is really difficult to choose.
Xidi was first built in the reign of Huangyou in the Northern Song Dynasty and reached its peak in the early Qing Dynasty, with a history of nearly 960 years. It is 700 meters long from east to west and 300 meters wide from north to south. It has more than 300 households and a population of more than 1000. Because there is water flowing to the west in the village, and because there was a post station for delivering mail in ancient times, it was named “Xidi”, known as “People in Peach Blossom Land”. When I entered Xidi, I always felt that what everyone said was “the place where I would never dream of Huizhou”. When you walk in this ancient city, you will find that behind the thick history, there is too much poetry. Time has a quiet power. It promotes the alternation of time and the transformation of everything. The only thing that remains unchanged is the beauty of spring.
Hu Wenguang’s memorial archway, a pavilion style memorial archway more than 10 meters high at the entrance of the scenic spot, will not be missed by anyone. It was built during the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty and was built by Hu Wenguang, a scholar of the Western Dynasties in the Ming Dynasty. It is the only one of the 13 memorial archway in the Western Dynasties. It is also a landmark building in the Western Dynasties. It has carved patterns of civil officials, military officers, various animals and other subjects, recording the vicissitudes of the Western Dynasties. At dusk, it stands under black bricks and black tiles, I can’t help but want to explore the story of light and shadow in this ancient village.
Every street here is connected. The profound cultural heritage has created many outstanding artists and sculptors. Their art of stone carving, brick carving, wood carving and bamboo carving are excellent. They can easily carve a piece of stone and bamboo, just like writing on paper, with ease and charm.
Xidi Village is not big, but 99 high walls and deep alleys and two clear springs pass through the village, which is enough to make newcomers feel like they are in a maze. Climbing up the attic of the residence and overlooking the whole ancient village can solve the puzzle of “only living in this mountain”. Everywhere you can see is the gray tile and white wall and the long time. The residential buildings in the style of southern Anhui are well arranged and overlapped; And the horse-headed walls rise and fall one after another, overlapping each other as if they were passing love to each other.
Some people say that “Hongcun is a painting and Xidi is a poem”. However, the scenery in southern Anhui is like painting in poetry and poetry in painting, so Xidi and Hongcun can’t choose between them after all. And let yourself be immersed in the vivid Huizhou culture, and enjoy peace and contentment in the transparent and clear time.